excuse my ignorance but can someone clarify exactly what is meant by high top and low top shoes?
I agree it is too vague even for an abstract.
The top line of a shoe is the finished edge where the foot goes in. I'm assuming that low top
means the top line runs under i.e. distal to, the malleolli and high top
means above i.e. proximal to the malleolli.
With the development of the cushion collar such as found on trainers, we now have footwear that has a soft top line that can end level with the prominence of the malleolli. In my experience, there are a lot of benefits to a cushion collar but in the context of this article I would assume that it's a low top
unless the top line actually finishes proximal to the malleolli.
That's my professional opinion but may not be what the researchers had in mind.