Welcome to the Podiatry Arena forums, for communication between foot health professionals about podiatry and related topics.
You are currently viewing our podiatry forum as a guest which gives you limited access to view all podiatry discussions and access our other features. By joining our free global community of Podiatrists and other interested foot health care professionals you will have access to post podiatry topics (answer and ask questions), communicate privately with other members (PM), upload content, view attachments, receive a weekly email update of new discussions, earn CPD points and access many other special features. Registered users do not get displayed the advertisments in posted messages. Registration is fast, simple and absolutely free so please, join our global Podiatry community today!
If you have any problems with the registration process or your account login, please contact contact us.
The aims were to investigate the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain in patients with type 2 diabetes and demonstrate possible associated factors.
Nine hundred fifty-one patients completed a validated questionnaire used in The Danish Health and Morbidity Survey and results were compared to data for 2923 matched subjects from the Danish population. Musculoskeletal pain was self-reported Pain in the shoulder and neck; Low-back pain; and Pain in the arm, hand, knee and/or hip.
Compared to the age, gender and region matched controls patients reported musculoskeletal pain 1.7–2.1 times as frequent (p < 0.001). Pain was more frequently reported in women (p < 0.001). Low-back pain and Pain in the arm, hand, knee and/or hip was associated with body mass index (p < 0.005). Low-back pain was associated with a sedentary life style, impaired quality of life and reduced physical function (p < 0.05).
The prevalence of musculoskeletal pain was seriously increased in patients with type 2 diabetes. It was associated with body mass index, reduced quality of life, low physical function and the ability to be physical active. Focus on musculoskeletal pain in clinical practice is therefore of major importance in lifestyle interventions in type 2 diabetes.
Objectives: Diabetes mellitus is a major public health problem worldwide. Most diabetic patients will develop functional disabilities due to multiple factors, including musculoskeletal (MSK) manifestations. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of MSK in diabetic patients and to examine the possible predictors for its development.
Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study from June 1, 2010, to June 30, 2011, to evaluate MSK manifestations in adult diabetic patients at an outpatient clinic of King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Baseline variables were examined to determine predictors for the development of MSK complications. Analyses were carried out using the Statistical Package for Social sciences.
Results: We included 252 diabetic patients; 45 (17.9%) had MSK manifestations. Of these 45 patients, 41 (91.1%) had type 2 diabetes. The most common manifestations were carpal tunnel syndrome (n=17, 6.7%), shoulder adhesive capsulitis (n=17, 6.7%), and diabetic amyotrophy (n=12, 4.8%). A significant association was found between the development of MSK manifestations and manual labor, overweight, and vascular complications. On logistic regression analysis, the presence of vascular complications in general (B-coefficient=1.27, odds ratio=3.57, P<0.05, 95% confidence interval=1.31–9.78), and retinopathy in particular (B-coefficient=1.17, odds ratio=3.21, P<0.05, 95% confidence interval=1.47–7.02) can predict the development of MSK manifestations in about 82% of the cases.
Conclusion: Musculoskeletal manifestations are under recognized in adult diabetic patients, occurring in 18% of the cases. Physicians should consider examining the periarticular region of the joints in the hands and shoulders whenever a diabetic patient presents with MSK symptoms.
Objectives: In this review we focus on the evidence for an association between musculoskeletal (MSK) manifestations and diabetes mellitus (DM).
Method: A systematic literature review was performed using the PubMed database for articles that have been published in the past 8 years (from January 2003 to August 2011) for keywords referring to MSK manifestations and DM. Where possible we have distinguished between manifestations that occur in type 1 as opposed to type 2 DM. However, this was not easy because many reports do not make the distinction.
Results: MSK manifestations of DM are relatively common. The duration of DM is often linked to the onset of some MSK features.
Conclusions: Patients with DM have been reported to have an increased prevalence of several MSK manifestations. It is important to be aware of MSK complications of DM. A better control of the glucose level may be useful.
Diabetes mellitus is increasingly prevalent and results in various clinically important musculoskeletal disorders affecting the limbs, feet, and spine as well as in widely recognized end-organ complications such as neuropathy, nephropathy, and retinopathy. Diabetic muscle ischemia-a self-limited disorder-may be confused with infectious or inflammatory myositis, venous thrombosis, or compartment syndrome. The absence of fever and leukocytosis, combined with the presence of bilaterally distributed lesions in multiple and often noncontiguous muscles in the legs, including the thighs, is suggestive of ischemia; by contrast, the presence of well-defined intramuscular abscesses with rimlike enhancement favors a diagnosis of infectious pyomyositis. In the diabetic foot, an ulcer, sinus tract, or abscess with an adjacent region of abnormal signal intensity in bone marrow favors the diagnosis of pedal osteomyelitis over that of neuropathic arthropathy. Contrast material-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging is important when planning the treatment of foot infections in diabetic patients because it allows the differentiation of viable tissue from necrotic regions that require surgical débridement in addition to antibiotic therapy. Subtraction images are particularly useful for visualizing nonviable tissue. Dialysis-associated spondyloarthropathy characteristically occurs in diabetic patients with a long history of hemodialysis. Intervertebral disk space narrowing without T2 signal hyperintensity, extensive endplate erosions without endplate remodeling, and facet joint involvement are suggestive of spondyloarthropathy instead of infectious diskitis or degenerative disk disease. Although the clinical features of these conditions may overlap, knowledge of the patient's medical history, coupled with recognition of key imaging characteristics, allows the radiologist to make a prompt and correct diagnosis that leads to appropriate managemen