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Cosmetic Results of Wedge Resection of Nail Matrix (Winograd Technique) in the Treatment of Ingrown Toenail
Ozkan Kose, Ferhat Guler, Serkan Gurcan, Hasan Onur Arik, Ali Bulent Baz, Serdar Akal Foot Ankle Spec April 30, 2012
Objective: The purpose of this retrospective study is to evaluate the cosmetic results of wedge resection of the nail matrix (Winograd technique) in the treatment of ingrown toenail.
Materials and methods: This study retrospectively reviewed medical charts of 68 patients with 75 ingrown toenails who underwent surgical correction with the Winograd technique between January, 2008, and December, 2009, at the Orthopaedics and Traumatology Department, Antalya Education and Research Hospital. For the final follow-up, patients were contacted by telephone and completed a telephone questionnaire. Recurrence, cosmetic results, and satisfaction of the patients were the major outcome measures.
Results: There was recurrence in 9 patients (13.2%). The mean recurrence time was 6.7 months (range = 2-12 months). All recurrences involved the lateral border of the toenail. Cosmetic ratings were statistically lower in female patients (P = .005). The reasons for poor and acceptable cosmetic results were proximal-incision scar and narrowing of the nail plate.
Conclusion: Wedge resection of nail matrix has a considerably high recurrence rate. Furthermore, narrowing of the nail plate is a disadvantage of this procedure. All patients should be informed about the possibility of recurrence and disfigurement in their toenails (narrow nail plate). Particularly, female patients who care about the cosmesis may be dissatisfied with this surgical technique.