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ScienceDaily are reporting: When The Rules Of The Game Are Broken: Sports Injuries Related To Illegal Activity
A study published in the February issue of Injury Prevention estimates that more than 98,000 sports injuries in U.S. high schools in 2005-2007 were directly related to an action that was ruled illegal activity by a referee, official or disciplinary committee.
Researchers in the Center for Injury Research and Policy (CIRP) at Nationwide Children's Hospital analyzed data from the 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 National High School Sport-Related Injury Surveillance Study. Nine high school sports were included: boys' football, soccer, basketball, wrestling and baseball and girls' soccer, volleyball, basketball and softball.
Boys' and girls' soccer had the highest rates of injuries related to illegal activity and girls' volleyball, girls' softball and boys' baseball had the lowest. Overall, 6.4 percent of all high school sports-related injuries were related to illegal activity, with the highest proportion in girls' basketball (14 percent), girls' soccer (nearly 12 percent) and boys' soccer (11 percent).
Thirty-two percent of injuries related to illegal activity were to the head and/or face and 25 percent were concussions....
Re: Illegal sports activity as a risk factor for injury
When the rules of the game are broken: what proportion of high school sports-related injuries are related to illegal activity?
C L Collins, S K Fields, R D Comstock Injury Prevention 2008;14:34-38;
Objectives: To compare sport and gender differences in injury rates and proportions of injuries related to illegal activity and to describe the epidemiology of injuries related to illegal activity.
Design: Descriptive epidemiology study.
Setting: 100 US high schools.
Subjects: Athletes participating in nine sports: boys’ football, soccer, basketball, wrestling, and baseball plus girls’ soccer, volleyball, basketball, and softball.
Main outcome measures: Illegal activity-related injuries were analyzed using data from the 2005–06 and 2006–07 National High School Sports-Related Injury Surveillance Study.
Results: Nationally, an estimated 98 066 injuries were directly related to an action that was ruled illegal activity by a referee/official or disciplinary committee, giving an injury rate of 0.24 injuries per 1000 athletic competition-exposures. Boys’ and girls’ soccer had the highest rates of injuries related to illegal activity, and girls’ volleyball, girls’ softball, and boys’ baseball had the lowest. Overall, 6.4% of all high school sports-related injuries were related to illegal activity, with the highest proportion in girls’ basketball (14.0%), girls’ soccer (11.9%), and boys’ soccer (11.4%). A greater proportion of injuries related to illegal activity were to the head/face (32.3%) and were concussions (25.4%) than injuries not related to illegal activity (13.8% (injury proportion ratio 2.35; 95% CI 1.82 to 3.04; p<0.001) and 10.9% (injury proportion ratio 2.35; 95% CI 1.71 to 3.22; p<0.001), respectively).
Conclusions: Illegal activity is an overlooked risk factor for sports-related injury. Reducing illegal activity through enhanced enforcement of sports’ rules and targeted education about the dangers of illegal activity for players, coaches, and referees/officials may reduce sports-related injuries.