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Inverse relationship between the complexity of midfoot kinematics and muscle activation in patients with medial tibial stress syndrome.
Rathleff MS, Samani A, Olesen CG, Kersting UG, Madeleine P J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2011 Apr 5;
Medial tibial stress syndrome is a common overuse injury characterized by pain located on the medial side of the lower leg during weight bearing activities such as gait. The purpose of this study was to apply linear and nonlinear methods to compare the structure of variability of midfoot kinematics and surface electromyographic (SEMG) signals between patients with medial tibial stress syndrome and healthy controls during gait. Fourteen patients diagnosed with medial tibial stress syndrome and 11 healthy controls were included from an orthopaedic clinic. SEMG from tibialis anterior and the soleus muscles as well as midfoot kinematics were recorded during 20 consecutive gait cycles. Permuted sample entropy and permutation entropy were used as a measure of complexity from SEMG signals and kinematics. SEMG signals in patients with medial tibial stress syndrome were characterized by higher structural complexity compared with healthy controls (p<0.001) while it was the opposite for the midfoot kinematics (p=0.01). Assessing the complexity of midfoot kinematics and SEMG activation pattern enabled a precise characterization of gait in patients with medial tibial stress syndrome. The reported inverse relationship in foot kinematics and SEMG complexity most likely point towards separated control processes governing gait variability.
Re: Midfoot kinematics and muscle activation in patients with medial tibial stress syndrome
Dynamic Midfoot Kinematics in Subjects with Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome
Michael S. Rathleff, Luke A. Kelly, Finn B. Christensen, Ole H. Simonsen, Søren Kaalund, Uffe Laessoe J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 102(3): 205–212, 2012
Background: Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is a common diagnosis. Several studies have demonstrated that excessive static navicular drop (ND) is related to the diagnosis. However, no studies have yet investigated ND and the velocity of ND during dynamic conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate ND characteristics in patients with MTSS in dynamic and static conditions.
Methods: In a case-control study, 14 patients diagnosed as having MTSS were included from an orthopedic outpatient clinic. A control group consisting of 14 healthy participants was matched regarding age, sex, and typical sporting activity. Navicular drop was evaluated during treadmill walking by a two-dimensional video analysis. Static foot posture, static ND, dynamic ND (dND), and velocity of dND were compared.
Results: The two groups were comparable in relation to age, sex, height, weight, and foot size. No significant difference was found in static foot posture. Static ND showed a mean difference of 1.7 mm between the groups (P = .08). During treadmill walking, patients with MTSS had, on average, a 1.5-mm-larger dND (P =.004) and a 2.4-mm/sec-larger mean velocity of dND (P = .03).
Conclusions: Patients with MTSS display a larger ND and a higher ND velocity during treadmill walking. Increased ND velocity may be important to this condition. Future studies should include velocity of dND to investigate the mechanisms of dND in relation to overuse injuries.